Posts tagged "activity-based-costing"

Know About Activity-based Costing

Costing is a very substantial part and element of accounting. As the word recommends, costing is nothing, however the appropriation of costs to different items, assets and activities in assessing the capital requirements and profits of a company. A really well-known and commonly utilized methodology of accounting is activity-based costing. It is referred to as ABC model, which does not appoint special costs of the items or possessions, but in turn assign special and different expenses to the activities, whether operational, monetary or servicing. Where the traditional costing design emphasizes more on the direct costs, the ABC model designates more of indirect costs.

The model includes and distinguishes generally the costs into three different types, i.e. taken care of, variable and overhead. This distinction is done on the basis of a typical factor called the cost driver. The cost driver is the substantial aspect that drives or encouraged or directs the cost of a certain activity. The operations of different machines can be credited to the number of hours of working of the cost or the machine driver of a worker can be the number of man-hours put in by the person. Based upon these cost motorists, the accounting professional designates expenses to each activity or process.

What would that mean going forward?

The model originates from the basic reality that the actual cash that is invested is not on the produced service or product, it is really spent in performing different activities and owning out procedures. And thus even the costs need to be appointed to these activities and not the systems of the items. The fundamental steps involved in the costing treatment and methodology consist of the development of cost swimming pools, recognition of the activities, mapping of the resource expenses of these activities, allotment of the cost-drivers to each activity and lastly and most notably cost calculations.

Activity-based Costing: Expanding The Circle

ACCA F5 consists of activity based costing which determines cost motorists and determining them to come up with the cost per unit. Target costing, life-cycle costing, throughput costing and environmental costing are the subjects under the very first area of the syllabus.

The description of relevant costing and determining the appropriate coastline are under the 2nd area of ACCA F5. Cost volume, revenue analysis and the analysis of break even evaluation and margin of security are likewise part of the research.

However, as with any other model or technique, the activity-based costing technique also has its own restrictions. It cannot be made use of or used to simply any marketing or business. It is usually applied in special circumstances where the overhead expenses are extremely high, as the design can then help in defining the factors behind these high expenses. It can be also applied in companies that show the high product variety or consumer variety. The application of the ABC model can also lead to an increase in the accounting costs, as the tracing of the costs and the shift from the basic costing strategy for the specialized ABC model can be challenging. For this reason, the methodology should be applied with caution and at the correct time and at the right place.